It is common in people of all ages and backgrounds to have lower back pain. Hypotension, as opposed to overwork, drafts, and poor posture in the gym, all causes unpleasant, painful feelings in the lumbar region.
When painkillers are enough to solve the problem and when urgent medical attention is needed. Remember the following: If your lower back is constantly hurting, this is a good reason to seek professional help.
Why does the lower back hurt
The causes of pain in the lumbar region may be similar in men and women, or they have characteristics that relate to both anatomical features and professional activities and lifestyle.
- The lower back of the stiff back after sleeping in the morning can be the result of poor quality bedding and spinal problems.
- If the lower back is very sore, it is possible to damage the nerve endings, disc herniation, osteochondrosis.
- When standing for a long time, a static load is applied to the groin. The lumbar muscles become hypertensive and can interfere with the innervation of nerve endings.
- When sitting, your waist hurts due to poor posture. Many people sit at the table in an uncomfortable position, which also leads to overstretching of the ligament and violation of nerve endings.
- When the lower back hurts and the legs are pulled, symptoms may indicate damage to the nerve endings in the pelvic area. The injury often occurs in the region of the tailbone when it hurts below the waist and then the pain is reflected in the lower extremities.
- If the back hurts above the waist, it is most likely a violation of the nerve fibers in the lumbar region, or the problem stems from the internal organs.
- The situation where the waist pain is painful from the side, a tight feeling and the temperature rises, we are talking here about the progressive inflammation of the internal organs.
To determine the cause of pain in the lumbar region, a thorough medical examination should be performed and tests should be performed to show if there are any inflammatory processes, damage to nerve endings, or hernia. Only after the diagnosis has been clarified can measures be taken to eradicate the disease.
Lower back pain in women
The weaker one is not particularly prone to lumbar pain. The reasons why modern women have back pain in the lower back can be linked to both professional activities and the presence of disease.
Pain can develop after running due to improperly selected shoes without a high-quality shock absorber when the heel impact on the ground spreads to the lumbar region without softening. When wearing very high heels, the lower back hurts after walking, which not only upsets the balance, but the woman bends her spine strongly, which puts extra strain on the lumbar region.
The pain that occurs during walking is not caused by a disease of the lower back, but by problems with the hip joints, which are subject to excessive friction during exercise. Anxiety at night can cause an uncomfortable mattress for a girl in bed.
If the pain is felt on the right or left side, closer to the periphery, this indicates a higher probability of disease of the internal organs. Disturbing coccyx may be a symptom of injury or suffocation.
Whatever the reason, only a qualified professional will prescribe appropriate treatment.
Pre-menstrual low back pain
The reasons why women and girls may have back pain or pull their lower abdomen before menstruation are of very wide etiology. It can also be a symptom of a change in hormonal background and a number of illnesses.
- Infections and the consequences of hypothermia;
- incorrect installation of the intrauterine device;
- Abnormalities at the site of uterine or ectopic pregnancy;
- Cysts, fibroids, endometriosis.
Because of the breadth of the list, women with bothersome symptoms should see a doctor and determine the cause of the regular malaise.
Why does the lower back hurt during menstruation?
Lumbar pain during menstruation is often considered the norm because severe hormonal waves occur, large amounts of blood flow into the pelvic organs, and increased pressure on the nerve endings. The pain subsides as soon as the main outflow occurs.
However, some women still feel unwell after their period. If such a manifestation is atypical, it is worth considering it as a sign of a possible pathology.
Can the waist hurt in the absence of visible causes in the form of infections, diseases, and pathological processes? Maybe if the anatomical structure of the uterus is such that it bends back. In this situation, the swelling that occurs during menstruation puts pressure on adjacent organs and nerve endings, causing pain in the lumbar region. Uterine descent caused by regular weight lifting can cause similar symptoms.
If a woman has pain in her stomach and lower back, it is highly recommended to see a gynecologist to identify the cause of such a disease. Symptoms may include polycystic disease, inflammation of the appendages, endometriosis, and infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. The cause may be a poorly fitted intrauterine device or the opposite - an ectopic pregnancy.
Lower back pain during pregnancy
A common complaint of women during pregnancy is a sign of back pain. There can be a number of reasons why pregnant women experience back pain, given that the body undergoes significant transformation, weight gain and imbalance due to an enlarged abdomen.
In the early stages of pregnancy, pulling discomfort can begin from the moment the fertilized egg is strengthened to the uterine wall. After giving birth, pregnant women are prone to diseases of the urogenital area - cystitis and pyelonephritis, which can be reflected in pain in this area.
Why can a pregnant woman begin to feel great discomfort in the second trimester? This is due to the active growth of the fetus and the growth of the abdomen of the pregnant mother - the internal organs are compressed, including the nerve endings passing through the pelvic area. A woman may experience radiant pain in the gluteal region or in the legs.
A woman feels how her lower abdomen is pulled, in the final stages when the baby’s head begins to fall, the pain flows from the lower back to the sacrum. Pregnancy 21-40. a woman may experience lower back pain due to an increase in relaxin levels. This provokes the development of symphysiopathy - an inflammatory process in the pubic joint.
The lower back hurts and injects the leg
A common occurrence in people after the age of 35 is complaints of pain in the lumbar region that returns to the leg or buttock. What can be associated with such a pathology? Some radiate pain to the right leg, others to the left leg, although the lower back feels the same. The point here is that different nerve roots are pinched in because there are exits on both the right and left sides of the vertebrae.
Pain in the buttocks and legs hits a whole list of diseases associated with osteochondrosis, scoliosis, disc herniation, and damage to neurons in the spinal cord.
The lower back hurts a lot. An awkward movement can have such severe consequences that the pain syndrome must be removed by injection. Because inflammation immediately results in inflammation, additional pressure is exerted on the nerve ending.
The problem is solved after an anti-inflammatory and decongestant treatment, which allows the patient to relax and relieve muscle tension in the affected area.
Common causes of such irradiation may include more severe pathologies associated with neuralgia and lumbar region tumors that exert pressure or cause inflammation.
Why do the lower back hurt in men
In men, the treatment of low back pain is very often neglected because the stronger sex prefers to endure "until the back spear interferes with sleep. "Then the pain will be the cause of the chronic sleep deprivation, the man decides to go to the doctor.
In the stronger sex, low back pain can lead to:
- With high physical activity - professional, sports;
- Spinal problems due to physical inactivity, prolonged driving.
- Problems with internal organs - kidneys or prostate.
Treatment of the lower back at home will be ineffective in acute painful seizures, especially if folk remedies are used. Given that men tend to cause the disease, sometimes pain needs to be prevented by injecting strong medications — painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Back pain after sleep
Have you ever had low back pain in the morning? This reaction of the body is completely understandable if you overdo the workout the day before or move the furniture vigorously after starting the general cleaning. If there is an injury, be sure to see a doctor to make sure it has no serious consequences.
And if you don’t have an injury and don’t abuse the sport, but after sleep, you feel pain in your lower back. One of the causes of morning pain is the development of osteochondrosis. With the emerging pathology, the bones and spines will be much more sensitive to the static position of the body at night. What goes away without consequences in a healthy person, patients with osteochondrosis, causes acute painful feelings after waking up.
It can also be painful to have an abnormally curved spine in a supine position. The reason for this is sleep, lying on your back, stretching your legs. The lumbar region gets overworked and can get very overloaded muscles in the morning.
If the morning pain is chronic, a doctor should be consulted as this condition may be a sign of the body’s abnormalities or a reaction to stress, illness or being overweight. Finding out the cause is very important.
How to understand if your kidneys or lower back are hurting
Pain in the lumbar region can be caused by problems with both the spine and internal organs.
How do you understand where the signal is coming from? To determine what is hurting - the kidneys or the lower back - you need to pay attention to the localization. The spine, pinched nerve endings, and spasmodic muscles can be felt painfully closer to the center of the back, the axis of the spine. And if your kidneys hurt, you give it to the side of the lower back, closer to the periphery.
However, spinal pain can vary: in the morning, after waking up, late in the afternoon at the end of the day. The pain in the internal organs is more persistent and may be accompanied by inflammatory symptoms - fever, vomiting.
It is determined in a simple way - the lower back or the kidneys. If the pain goes away with weaker physical inactivity and after rubbing with an ointment, this is the back. The pain in the internal organs does not give a debilitating reaction to the topical application of warming ointments and does not allow it to relax, no matter what position it takes.
The child has back pain
Children’s low back pain is often caused by poor posture or poor quality workplace. The appearance of pain has no clear relationship with age: it can hurt both preschoolers and teenagers. Why a waist pain in childhood can be told by a vertebrologist after a detailed examination.
- Muscle tension due to a heavy backpack or sitting at a permanent table or computer - in up to 80% of cases.
- The development of scoliosis requires rapid intervention, as children’s spines can deform very quickly.
- Injuries or bruises.
- Diseases of the internal organs - 20% of applications.
If a child has a fever and low back pain, this can be a symptom of an extremely unpleasant disease of osteomyelitis. The purulent-necrotic pathological process affects the bone marrow and bones.
Which doctor to go to
When the lower back hurts and more and more need to see a doctor, the patient wonders which doctor can help. Here it all depends on the causes of the pain.
For starters, it is recommended that you see a local therapist or GP. Examination, a spinal x-ray, pelvic ultrasound, and general blood and urine tests are needed to determine the source of the problem.
After the test, your therapist will suggest which specialist to go to to continue treatment for the cause. Accordingly, a specialist can be recommended:
- Neurologist - to examine the spine, back muscles and nerves.
- Urologist - if you have problems in the urogenital area.
- A gynecologist is a female specialist who helps identify the cause of pain in the female reproductive system.
Contacting a specialist in a timely manner will help eliminate the cause of your lower back pain in the initial stages. Advanced cases can have serious consequences that can even lead to surgery.
Exercises for back pain
When relieving an attack of acute pain, your doctor will usually prescribe gymnastics, or exercise, after medication. Effective exercises help relieve muscle tension, strengthen it, and eliminate cramps inside the fibers that can cause pain.
The rehabilitation system requires that all exercises be performed slowly, without sharp turns or eruptions. Failure to follow this rule may result in further injury.
Exercises to relieve pain are recommended. In the case of muscle fibers, this load allows hypertension to be relieved, and the clamps are removed. Exercise focusing on a problematic muscle group or spine. Increases blood circulation in the problem area, enhances microcirculation in muscle and cartilage cells, contributing to increased nutrition and removal of breakdown products.
The required set of exercises is selected by the attending physician or a physiotherapist who conducts training therapy classes. Once it is the patient’s job to maintain and consolidate the result on their own by performing exercises at home.
How to lubricate the lower back with pain
When the lower back starts to hurt, the first thought is how to lubricate it, how to treat it. You can’t grab the first creams and ointments that come up with the word "painkiller. " It’s important to understand what caused the pain and only then apply the right medication.
- If the pain is associated with osteochondrosis, pinched nerve endings, inflammation of the nerve roots, NSAIDs and corticosteroids may also be needed.
- In case of hypothermia, irritating warming ointments are suitable for activating the blood microcirculation in the muscles.
- There are also homeopathic preparations and balms.
It should be reminded that ointments do not help if the cause of the pain lies in the internal organs. If the pain is caused by a disease of the organs of the kidney, female, or male urogenital system, anesthetic ointments can lubricate the clinical picture and warming ointments can cause intense inflammation.
This is why it is necessary to use folk remedies only after consulting a doctor so as not to aggravate your own condition with unjustified treatment.